俄罗斯方块源码

这是博主大一时做的一个小游戏,当时是纯兴趣使然。做成之后兴奋地手舞足蹈,玩的不亦乐乎。现在想来,喜悦不是来自游戏本身,而是自己独立完成的快感和编码的趣味。

现在把代码公布出来,一是备存,二是希望聪慧的你,能一眼看出其中的bug,并告知我。同是天涯程序员,相助何须曾相识,对吧?

当时毕竟资历浅显,代码中如有看起来特别幼稚的地方,还请诸君万勿见笑!


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#include <stdio.h>
#include <conio.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <windows.h>
#include <vld.h>
#define MAXWIDTH 24
#define MAXHEIGHT 24
#define BOXNUMBER 4
const int rx=MAXWIDTH+5,ry=MAXHEIGHT/3;
#define FIRSTSPEED 500
typedef enum num
{
/*
* one I
* two O
* three L
* four J
* five T
* six Z
* seven S
*/
one,two,three,four,five,six,seven
}en;
typedef struct pos
{
int x,y;
}position;
typedef struct point
{
bool have;
int color;
}point;
typedef struct box
{
en style;
position pos[BOXNUMBER];
}box;
void gotoxy(int x,int y)
{
COORD pos;
pos.X=2*x;
pos.Y=y;
SetConsoleCursorPosition(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE),pos);
}
void color(int a)//颜色函数
{
SetConsoleTextAttribute(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE),a);
}
void Interface(point arr[][MAXWIDTH])
{
int i,j;
for(i=0;i<MAXHEIGHT;i++)
{
for(j=0;j<MAXWIDTH;j++)
{
if(i==MAXHEIGHT-1||j==MAXWIDTH-1||j==0)
{
arr[i][j].have=1;
}
}
}
for(i=0;i<MAXHEIGHT;i++)
{
for(j=0;j<MAXWIDTH;j++)
{
if(1==arr[i][j].have)
printf("■");
else
printf(" ");
}
printf("\n");
}
for (i=rx;i<rx+8;i++)
{
for (j=ry;j<ry+7;j++)
{
if (i==rx||i==rx+7||j==ry+7-1)
{
gotoxy(i,j);
printf("■");
}
else
{
gotoxy(i,j);
printf(" ");
}
}
}
}
void cleanbox(box *b)
{
int k;
for (k=0;k<4;k++)
{
gotoxy(b->pos[k].x,b->pos[k].y);
printf(" ");
}
}
void CreateReady(box * ready)
{
int ran,k;
ran=rand()%7+1;
/*
* one I
* two O
* three L
* four J
* five T
* six Z
* seven S
*/
cleanbox(ready);
switch(ran)
{
case 1:
ready->style=one;
ready->pos[0].x=rx+2;
ready->pos[0].y=ry+1;
ready->pos[1].x=rx+2;
ready->pos[1].y=ry+2;
ready->pos[2].x=rx+2;
ready->pos[2].y=ry+3;
ready->pos[3].x=rx+2;
ready->pos[3].y=ry+4;
break;
case 2:
ready->style=two;
ready->pos[0].x=rx+3;
ready->pos[0].y=ry+2;
ready->pos[1].x=rx+4;
ready->pos[1].y=ry+2;
ready->pos[2].x=rx+3;
ready->pos[2].y=ry+3;
ready->pos[3].x=rx+4;
ready->pos[3].y=ry+3;
break;
case 3:
ready->style=three;
ready->pos[0].x=rx+3;
ready->pos[0].y=ry+1;
ready->pos[1].x=rx+3;
ready->pos[1].y=ry+2;
ready->pos[2].x=rx+3;
ready->pos[2].y=ry+3;
ready->pos[3].x=rx+4;
ready->pos[3].y=ry+3;
break;
case 4:
ready->style=four;
ready->pos[0].x=rx+4;
ready->pos[0].y=ry+1;
ready->pos[1].x=rx+4;
ready->pos[1].y=ry+2;
ready->pos[2].x=rx+4;
ready->pos[2].y=ry+3;
ready->pos[3].x=rx+3;
ready->pos[3].y=ry+3;
break;
case 5:
ready->style=five;
ready->pos[0].x=rx+2;
ready->pos[0].y=ry+2;
ready->pos[1].x=rx+3;
ready->pos[1].y=ry+2;
ready->pos[2].x=rx+4;
ready->pos[2].y=ry+2;
ready->pos[3].x=rx+3;
ready->pos[3].y=ry+3;
break;
case 6:
ready->style=six;
ready->pos[0].x=rx+2;
ready->pos[0].y=ry+2;
ready->pos[1].x=rx+3;
ready->pos[1].y=ry+2;
ready->pos[2].x=rx+3;
ready->pos[2].y=ry+3;
ready->pos[3].x=rx+4;
ready->pos[3].y=ry+3;
break;
case 7:
ready->style=seven;
ready->pos[1].x=rx+3;
ready->pos[1].y=ry+2;
ready->pos[0].x=rx+4;
ready->pos[0].y=ry+2;
ready->pos[2].x=rx+2;
ready->pos[2].y=ry+3;
ready->pos[3].x=rx+3;
ready->pos[3].y=ry+3;
break;
}
for(k=0;k<4;k++)
{
color(ready->style+8);
gotoxy(ready->pos[k].x,ready->pos[k].y);
printf("■");
}
color(0x07);
gotoxy(MAXWIDTH,MAXHEIGHT);
}
void ConverttoNow(box * ready,box *now)
{
int k;
now->style=ready->style;
for (k=0;k<4;k++)
{
now->pos[k].x=ready->pos[k].x-21;
now->pos[k].y=ready->pos[k].y-(ry+2);
}
color(ready->style+8);
for(k=0;k<4;k++)
{
gotoxy(now->pos[k].x,now->pos[k].y);
printf("■");
}
color(0x07);
}
void change(box * now)
{
int tmpx,tmpy;
if (now->style==two)
{
return;
}
int k;
for(k=0;k<4;k++)
{
gotoxy(now->pos[k].x,now->pos[k].y);
printf(" ");
}
color(now->style+8);
for (k=0;k<4;k++)
{
tmpx=now->pos[k].x;
tmpy=now->pos[k].y;
now->pos[k].x=-(tmpy-now->pos[1].y)+now->pos[1].x;
now->pos[k].y=(tmpx-now->pos[1].x)+now->pos[1].y;
gotoxy(now->pos[k].x,now->pos[k].y);
printf("■");
}
color(0x07);
gotoxy(MAXWIDTH,MAXHEIGHT);
}
void accelerate(int & speed)
{
speed*=0.3;
}
void down(box * now)
{
int k;
for (k=0;k<4;k++)
{
gotoxy(now->pos[k].x,now->pos[k].y);
printf(" ");
now->pos[k].y++;
}
color(now->style+8);
for(k=0;k<4;k++)
{
gotoxy(now->pos[k].x,now->pos[k].y);
printf("■");
}
color(0x07);
gotoxy(MAXWIDTH,MAXHEIGHT);
}
int left(box * now,point arr[][MAXWIDTH])
{
int i,j,k;
for (k=0;k<4;k++)
{
for (i=MAXHEIGHT;i>0;i--)
{
for (j=MAXWIDTH;j>0;j--)
{
if (arr[i][j-1].have==1&&now->pos[k].x==j&&now->pos[k].y==i)
{
return 0;
}
}
}
}
for (k=0;k<4;k++)
{
gotoxy(now->pos[k].x,now->pos[k].y);
printf(" ");
now->pos[k].x--;
}
color(now->style+8);
for(k=0;k<4;k++)
{
gotoxy(now->pos[k].x,now->pos[k].y);
printf("■");
}
color(0x07);
gotoxy(MAXWIDTH,MAXHEIGHT);
return 1;
}
int right(box * now,point arr[][MAXWIDTH])
{
int i,j,k;
for (k=0;k<4;k++)
{
for (i=MAXHEIGHT;i>0;i--)
{
for (j=MAXWIDTH;j>0;j--)
{
if (arr[i][j+1].have==1&&now->pos[k].x==j&&now->pos[k].y==i)
{
return 0;
}
}
}
}
for (k=0;k<4;k++)
{
gotoxy(now->pos[k].x,now->pos[k].y);
printf(" ");
now->pos[k].x++;
}
color(now->style+8);
for(k=0;k<4;k++)
{
gotoxy(now->pos[k].x,now->pos[k].y);
printf("■");
}
color(0x07);
gotoxy(MAXWIDTH,MAXHEIGHT);
return 1;
}
int IsBottom(const box *now,const point arr[][MAXWIDTH])
{
int i,j,k;
for (k=0;k<4;k++)
{
for (i=MAXHEIGHT;i>0;i--)
{
for (j=MAXWIDTH;j>0;j--)
{
if (arr[i][j].have==1&&now->pos[k].x==j&&now->pos[k].y+1==i)
{
return 1;
}
}
}
}
return 0;
}
void ConverttoArr(box *now,point arr[][MAXWIDTH])
{
int k;
for (k=0;k<4;k++)
{
arr[now->pos[k].y][now->pos[k].x].have=1;
arr[now->pos[k].y][now->pos[k].x].color=now->style;
}
}
void CleanLine(point arr[][MAXWIDTH],int n) //清除一行时设置颜色
{
int i,j;
for (j=1;j<MAXWIDTH-1;j++)
{
gotoxy(j,n);
printf(" ");
}
for (i=n;i>=0;i--)
{
for (j=1;j<MAXWIDTH-1;j++)
{
arr[i][j].have=arr[i-1][j].have;
if (arr[i][j].have==1)
{
gotoxy(j,i-1);
printf(" ");
gotoxy(j,i);
color(arr[i][j].color+8);
printf("■");
color(0x07);
}
}
}
}
int IsLine(point arr[][MAXWIDTH],int *score)
{
int i,j;
for (i=MAXHEIGHT-1-1;i>=0;i--)
{
for (j=1;j<MAXWIDTH-1;j++)
{
if (arr[i][j].have==0)
{
break;
}
}
if (j==MAXWIDTH-1)
{
*score+=5;
CleanLine(arr,i);
}
}
return 1;
}
void showscore(const int const * score)
{
gotoxy(rx,ry-5);
printf("您的战绩:%d",*score);
gotoxy(rx,ry-4);
printf("按p暂停!");
gotoxy(MAXWIDTH,MAXHEIGHT);
}
int main()
{
//system("mode con cols=250 lines=250");
box now,ready;
int score=0;
int speed=FIRSTSPEED;
int ch=0;
static point arr[MAXHEIGHT][MAXWIDTH]; //auto set 0
Interface(arr);
srand(time(NULL));
CreateReady(&ready);
ConverttoNow(&ready,&now);
CreateReady(&ready);
while(true)
{
if(kbhit())
{
ch=getch(); //key value is double bytes,so get twice
if(ch==224)
{
ch=getch();
}
}
if (IsBottom(&now,arr))
{
ConverttoArr(&now,arr);
ConverttoNow(&ready,&now);
CreateReady(&ready);
speed=FIRSTSPEED;
}
IsLine(arr,&score);
showscore(&score);
switch (ch)
{
case 'p':
;
break;
case 0:
label:
down(&now);
break;
case 72:
change(&now);
ch=0;
goto label;
break;
case 80:
accelerate(speed);
ch=0;
break;
case 75:
if(left(&now,arr)==0)
{
goto label;
}
ch=0;
break;
case 77:
if(right(&now,arr)==0)
{
goto label;
}
ch=0;
break;
default:
break;
}
Sleep(speed);
}
return 0;
}